HOW TO USE

To begin your journey around our website, you must first read the overview to get an insight on the Battle of Passchendaele. When you click on the body of texts and headings around the website, it will provide a Maori translation for it.

You can also click on the menu where you can browse through each of our pages. Our pages consist of Profiles, where you can read the lives of the New Zealand servicemen and women who have served during the Battle of Passchendaele. There is also a Causes and Consequences page, where you can read about how the decisions of influential leaders and soldiers have affected the lives of other individuals and the wider community. Next, you can also have a read on the Significance page, which entails the aftermath of the Battle of Passchendaele and how New Zealand and other countries commemorate the fallen servicemen, servicewomen and soldiers who have sacrificed their lives for the country.

After browsing through our website, you can test your knowledge on the Battle of Passchendaele through playing our quiz on Quizziz and answering questions on our hand-out quiz (if the teacher prints them out for you). You can also visit our Twitter, Facebook and Instagram and share some of your thoughts about our website!



For the teachers:

You can print out our hand-out quiz on the Battle of Passchendaele. There is also a Curriculum page, which entails the key competencies we have used to produce our website. A resource page is also found where you can find the various research materials we used to create our site.

All resources we have used can be found here


OVERVIEW

The Beginning

The battle of Passchendaele is a significant event in New Zealand history. It was a campaign during World War 1 that began on July 31st, 1917 and ended on November 20th, 1917. The battle of Passchendaele was fought between the allies and the Germans from July 31st, 1917 to November 20th, 1917. The battle took place in the Belgian village of Passchendaele. The objective was to push the German defence lines back to not only capture Passchendaele but to put less pressure on the naval battle that was preventing shipping to Britain. It poured down with rain for most of the battle, which made the terrain muddy and slushy. Trenches were dug and soldiers were prepared for a defensive battle.

At Passchendaele, New Zealand’s “blackest day” took place on the 12th of October 1917. The New Zealand and Australian divisions were to take the ridge of Passchendaele, however, that did not happen as things made a turn for the worst. The artillery barrage opened fire too short, resulting in them accidentally killing their own soldiers Alternatively if men did not find death from their own then they continued forward however most soldiers who tried to move forward were shot immediately by the Germans. Those who got near enough and made it to the barbed wire found that it had not been cut up by their guns properly and they could not move much further. Therefore, they too were taken down by the Germans. On this singular day, 800 soldiers and 45 officers died, along with over 2700 soldiers injured. Days prior, over 300 soldiers had died and before that there were even more casualties. It was not just New Zealanders who lost a lot of lives, the British Army and German Empire had similar losses. The Germans, two days after the “blackest day”, signalled for a truce to get the wounded and dead and few days after that, on the 18th of October, the allies were relieved by Canadian troops. This campaign was finished on the 10th of November 1917 by the Canadian Corps.  

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